Science & Technology Current Affairs 2020

Aarogya Setu app became worlds fastest app to reach 50 million downloads

Science & Technology Current Affairs:The Central Government’s mobile app, Aarogya Setu, has become the world’s fastest app to reach 50 million downloads in just 13 days. The information was passed by the NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant on 15 April. The app was developed for tracking COVID-19 patients.

Aarogya Setu

♦ The Aarogya Setu app alerts people if any known person or person in their vicinity has tested positive.
♦ District administration has asked all educational institutions, departments, etc to encourage downloading of the app.
♦ The app was developed under a committee set up by the Prime Minister’s Office with the active involvement of NITI Aayog and the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY).
♦ Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is working on testing and some of the other aspects. 
♦ Tech Mahindra and the Mahindra group is currently working with the committee on the next version of the Aarogya Setu application and leverage next-generation technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning, data science. It is also working on expanding the reach of Aarogya Setu on all types of phones. The current version of the Aarogya Setu app is fit for use on smartphones only.

DST funds development of Active Virosome Vaccine Production

science current affairs

The Department of Science and Technology operating under Ministry of Science and Technology is to fund Seagull Biosolutions to develop Active Virosome

Virosomes

A Virosome is a drug that consists of unilamellar phospholipid membrane. This membrane allows the drug to fuse with the target cells. The central cavi

Significance

In India, currently Polymerase Chain Reaction based kits are being used. These kits are rapid and they enable detection of active COVID-19 infection.However, the kits do not identify asymptomatic infections. This means that the people that were exposed to the or recovered from or infected with COVID-19 in the past may be left undetected. On the hand, the immunodiagnostic kits help in detection of antibodies and identify infections as well.

ICMR researchers found Bat coronavirus in 2 Indian bat species(Science & Technology)

BtCoV was found positive in 25 bats of Rousettus and Pteropus species from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu.

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2020
science-technology-current-affairs-2020

Science & Technology Current Affairs:5 April 2020 Current Affairs:Researchers of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) found the presence of a different kind of coronavirus, bat coronavirus (BtCoV), in two bat species from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu. It claimed that there is no evidence or research to claim that these bat coronaviruses can cause disease in humans.

FACTUAL:
♦ BtCoV was found positive in 25 bats of Rousettus and Pteropus species from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu.
♦ The bat coronaviruses have no relation with SARS-CoV2 which is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.
♦ The Pteropus bat species were earlier found positive for the Nipah virus in 2018 and 2019 in Kerala. 
♦ An association of Pteropus medius bats with the Nipah virus was reported earlier in Inda. The recently emerged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is suspected to have its association with bats.
♦ Bats are the natural reservoir for many viruses. Some of these viruses are potential human pathogens. 
♦ As a result of the study and its findings, the scientists stressed the need for proactive surveillance of zoonotic infections in bats.

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